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Some Interesting Facts about Challenge or Military Coins

military coinsThose who are aware of what challenge or military coins are will surely always be fascinated at the significance of those items. These used to be utilized solely by the men and women in the military but apparently now, even civilians could have access to it. While these coins really don’t cost that much, some rare pieces appear from time to time. There are people who are saying that collecting these challenge coins as a hobby could be an expensive thing to do. This might be partially correct because many items are really not that costly. The cost aspect becomes heavy when one goes after those that are offered in fundraisers, auctions, and in rare collection sales.

 

Before an individual attempts to start on the hobby of collecting military coins, it is a good idea to know some basic information about such things. No, there isn’t a need to go and dig deep into history books. The fun and easy way of learning about these challenge coins is to explore on some interesting facts about it. Yes, there is so much more to these coins than what we could ever expect. The following sets of information ought to get an interested individual started:

•   Not all military coins look like a standard coin:

Such coins could take the shape of whatever symbol an organization or group wants it to be. At the present time, forms of these coins have been seen in the shape of a dog tag, arrow head, cross, shields, and many others. The important thing about it is that it bears the engraved symbol, logo, or emblem of an organization that it represents. There are many materials that can be used to make such coins. These include copper, gold, silver, bronze, or solid brass. Today’s designers are able to incorporate 3D images onto these coins.

•   The origin of these military coins is still unclear:

While there are established stories about where these coins really appeared first, there is no official document that could prove these claims. Historians could tell that early Roman legions were using commemorative coins to celebrate significant achievements. Soldiers during different wars in the modern period (WW1, WW2, Korean, Vietnam, and Gulf) were noted to be using issued challenge coins by their respective units.

•   Challenging is a tradition that is done in order to ensure that each member of a military regiment or unit is carrying the coin:

The tradition of challenging a member has spread out across the civilian society. However, the mode of presenting a challenge and responding to it has become varied across organizations. In the military, anyone on a unit can challenge a member. If the member is able to present his coin then the one who presented the challenge must buy him a drink. If the challenged individual cannot produce a coin then he must be the one to buy the challenger a drink.

•   Certain things can invalidate a military coin:

Tampering with the original design and form of the coin will lead to its nullified value. As an example, drilling holes in it so that it can be worn on a belt or as a necklace makes the coin useless. For this matter, such coins are carried normally in pouches that could easily be accessed when challenges are presented.

•   Military coins are commonly not presented during a formal ceremony:

However, there are exceptions to this based from each organization’s rules or policies. The practice of awarding these through a “secret handshake” originated in the military and is still being done today in organizations. Defense Secretary Robert Gates, during his visit to US troops in 2011 shook hands with some military personnel stationed in Afghanistan. Those who were there confirmed that these handshakes were indeed loaded with rare challenge coins from the Office of the Secretary of Defense.

•   Challenge coins might or might not have high value:

In fact, people hold on to these because of sentimental value. Some coins that are made of real gold or silver may be worth a couple of dollars. Among collectors, very rare ones could fetch high amounts during auctions and charity events. Of course, these don’t have the same value as currencies that are used in commerce these days.

There are still many interesting facts worth knowing about these military or challenge coins. Collectors who want to get started on a hobby should make sure that they know everything about it. Information sources are all over the web now.

History of Printed Circuit Boards 1

The Printed Circuit Board is a kind of board made out of fiberglass or silicon. The reason behind the material is that the board should not be a conductor of electricity because electrical components will be attached to it. Attach here means soldering the electrical components on the board in defined spaces. The board would also be plated with copper as to provide the flow of the electricity. Most PCB fabrication involves drilling of holes or vias to be able to connect multiple layers of copper substrates.

 

The printed circuit board can be found almost anywhere now. They are found where technology is available. Usually, the PCB is used for laptops and desktops for its different parts such as the motherboard, graphics card and video card. Not only that, PCBs can also be found in modern cellular phones, refrigerators, coffee makers and even washing machines. Most electronics have multiple PCBs to control all the functions of the device.

 

The PCB fabrication methods today haven’t been around since the 1960s. In the 1850s, the forerunners of printed circuit boards were just a kind of a connection of electrical systems wherein electric components were connected using metal strips or rods. These large electric components were then mounted on wooden bases instead of silicon or fiberglass today. As the years passed, the engineers would no longer use metal strips, and instead, the screw terminals were connected by wires. They also no longer use the wooden base because of its density, so they used metal frames instead.

 

As the trend of gadgets became minimalist, the engineers had to devise PCB fabrication methods which would make the printed circuit boards smaller to fit the containers of the new electronics.

 

The term “printed circuit” was invented by Charles Ducas in 1925. He submitted a patent for using conductive inks to print a layout of electrical components into a board. The electric path will be printed directly onto the insulated surface.

 

electronic circuit boardIn 1943, a man from United Kingdom named Paul Eisler received patent rights to the PCB fabrication method of etching on copper to a non-conductive board. Etching is the process of coating a board with resist image spray solution to dissolve the copper which is already placed on the board itself. During the time of Eisler’s invention, it was also the time when the Second World War was taking place. The US military used Eisler’s idea to build weapons using etching as a process.

 

It was during the 1950s when the transistor was invented. This is the device used to connect the electronic components to a switch to signal it to open or close the circuit. For short, the transistor is the electronic switch of the printed circuit board. Due to the invention of the transistor, Eisler’s patent was put into the commercial market. This is because before his invention, the electronic components were so big that there was no other way of attaching them to a board without the use of wiring and staples. When the transistor came out, the electric components were made smaller so that they can fit into smaller electronics.

 

In 1961, the United States Hazeltine Corporation patented the through-hole technology which is still being used until now. This PCB fabrication method involves the insertion of leads of the components into the vias of the copper layers. In the 1980s, the through-hole method was enhanced to plated through-hole technology to be conducive to electricity for the different layers.

 

These inventions led to the modern printed circuit board today and gradually, the printed circuit boards became smaller and smaller until the PCB manufacturing required the use of computer-aided software to design and build the board.

Materials and Methods in Making ID Lanyards

When having ID lanyards manufactured for whatever reason, one of the most crucial decisions you would have to make is the material of the lanyard itself. This could be a make-or-break decision for your lanyards—so before you order entire batches of lanyards, make sure you are well-informed of the different variants you can opt for. Knowledge of these things should enable you to make the best and the most cost-effective decision.

 

ID LanyardsPolyester is one of the most common choices in terms of material. In its simplest form, lanyards of this kind have the polyester dyed with the design of your choice, and the product is done. If you have a smaller budget for the lanyards, you can go with the tubular polyester variant. Using the same polyester material, these lanyards are tube-stitched to achieve a shoelace-like effect. It requires less ink and less material, hence the lesser cost. Woven polyester lanyards also use the same polyester base, but instead of printing the design in, it is woven into the material. This makes the woven variant last longer than the other two.

 

But if you would like to go beyond the basic polyester material, you can opt for the nylon variant. This variant is generally the strongest in terms of material. But more than its durability, a big advantage of the nylon variant is its glossy and smooth finish. The details are sharp and well-defined with nylon ID lanyards, giving it a big advantage over the basic polyester types.

 

If you have an eye for innovation, however, your best choice would be the dye-sublimated variant. Dye-sublimated ID lanyards do not have the design printed on top of the material like in the other variants. Instead, it is dyed directly into the fabric. This variant is best for capturing the details of your design, and for making that design last even longer.

 

The next decision you would have to make is what imprinting method to use. There are five basic types to choose from: embossing, laser engraving, full color, screen printing, and hot stamping. Embossing and laser engraving are the more expensive choices, while as you go through the list of the other types, the cost gets lower. Screen printing is less expensive than full color, and hot stamping is less expensive than screen printing.

 

Embossing involves raised texts in the material of the lanyard. This is usually done in leather or metal materials, like for dog tags. Laser engraving uses beams of high-intensity light to make permanent marks on steel, aluminum, plastic, or wood, among others. This gives you a final product that does not scratch off. Laser engraved products have superb detail and long life.

 

The full color method is used when a four-color image is used in the design—the four basic colors being cyan, magenta, yellow, and black. This would first separate the images into the four basic colors, and then the design would be printed using the four, in varying intensities. Screen printing is more laborious and time consuming. It involves printing lanyards one by one and then applying heat individually so the design would dry. Screen printing makes for the most durable prints on ID lanyards . Hot stamped lanyards are made by transferring color from a thin film into the material, using heat and pressure. Polyester material is best with the hot stamping type.

 

Obviously, your choice of method will be determined by how much cash you have to spend on the lanyards. While you might not have much of a choice with heavily-constrained budgets, it helps to be aware of these different methods so you can optimize your choices, given what resources you have.

The Advantages of Neck Lanyards as Souvenir Items

Christmas is fast approaching. At this time, companies are already planning what to give their loyal customers. With so many souvenir items to choose from, why should you opt for neck lanyards?

 

Here are 5 advantages of having neck lanyards as your company’s souvenir items.

 

1. Your costumers would love them

 

The primary reason why you are giving souvenir items is to show your appreciation to your costumers. That is why they should also be the number one consideration when choosing your give away. What are the reasons that your costumers would love these neck lanyards?

 

a. They have a variety of uses

 

Neck lanyards could hold many small items such as flash drive, key chains, camera, ID’s, to name just a few. Your clients would not run out of practical uses for them.

 

b. They are fashionable

 

Neck LanyardsWould you believe that lanyards have been in the industry for 500 years already? From the looks of it, they are here to stay. They do not go out of fashion. Some are even using these as accessories. With a variety of styles, colors, materials, artwork, designs and add-on, lanyards are guaranteed to look good on the wearers.

 

2. They are easy on the budget

 

Another major advantage is the cost. Lanyards could cost from $1.50 to $3.00 apiece only depending on the following factors:

 

a. Number of days to delivery

 

Two weeks is the usual allotted time from day of order till delivery of the products. As expected, for rush jobs, additional charges would apply. Therefore, make your order as early as 6 weeks to avoid any extra charges.

 

b. Type of material

 

Your company can choose the following materials: cotton, silk, nylon, braided leather and polyester.

 

c. Type of printing

 

It could be hot stamping, screen printing, embossed, full colors or laser engraving.

 

d. Others

 

Some attachments such as thumb trigger, key ring, bulldog clip and hooks are already included for free, depending on the lanyard companies. However, when one has a different preference, additional fees would be charged.

 

Shipments could also be a factor. Usually, the lanyard company could offer it for free when the location is not so far from them. Otherwise, additional charges would apply.

 

3. The lanyards are durable

 

Your company would like the souvenir items to last for a real, long time, right? Lanyards can actually last for decades. They do not get damaged, ripped or broken quite easily. The prints and designs last for long time too, provided they are well taken cared of.

 

4. They are easy to avail

 

Ordering lanyards is so easy. One need not even go out of the house. Everything is done online. Starting from quotation, designing, ordering and paying, one is guaranteed delivery on the date agreed upon. It is a very rare occurrence that problems are encountered. However, to be on the safe side, order only from reputable online shops. Do not hesitate to check the lanyard companies’ integrity and credibility.

 

5. They are effective tools to make your company known and remembered by clients and non-clients alike
 

 

As these lanyards could last for years, your loyal customers would not forget your efforts of making them feel special and appreciated. On the other hand, your company would also make an impressive mark on potential clients when they see these souvenir items on other people. It is like having free advertisement to your advantage. The more they see the lanyards, the more the name of your company would be retained. This principle of memory retention has been proven effective in sales.

 

These five advantages are valid reasons enough to choose neck lanyards as your company’s souvenir items. Place your order now.

A Buyers Guide to Cheap Golf Clubs

Golf is a sport that doesn’t come cheap. First you will need golf lessons, practice sessions at driving ranges, playtime at the golf course and of course, good quality golf clubs. By far the most important among all these requirements are the golf clubs. If you are on a tight budget but still wish to indulge yourself playing golf, there are a few things you have to remember in order to get good but cheap golf clubs.

 

1.Inspect the golf clubs carefully

 

Buying used golf clubs can ensure that you get cheap golf clubs as well. But not all used golf clubs were taken good care of by their previous owner. Inspect the golf clubs for signs of wear and tear. Check for any bent clubs, noticeable nicks and bumps that could affect your performance. Don’t just take the seller’s word for it. Even if he is selling it to you for a very low price, you might be surprised that it could just be junk once you’ve bought it. Check the club faces for worn down grooves and signs or rusting.

 

2.Ask the Seller Why He is Selling it

 

Sellers who are quite sentimental and attached to their old golf clubs could sell them to you for a lot more money owing to the fact that they “had great times with these golf clubs”. If you are not willing to buy it at their price, maybe it’s best to walk away. Look for sellers who just want to unload their old clubs or are not as attached to old clubs. Sometimes they just want the cash so knowing the reason why they are selling it could score you some cheap golf clubs.

 

3.Don’t Mind the Small Stuff

In complete contradiction with item #1, don’t sweat it if you find a little nick or scratch in any one of the golf clubs. These clubs are used to whack a hard golf ball so that it reaches a hole a few yards away; naturally, there will be tiny indentations and imperfections on the clubs. A little scratch never hurt a swing so let it go. Don’t worry about grips that are worn as well. These can be easily and inexpensively replaced if needed.

 

4.Try It Out and Have a Feel

 

Cheap golf clubsIf you are buying a used golf club at a sporting goods store with a wide enough area where you can practice your swing, by all means try out the used golf club. If you are buying online, find a place that sells a similar model and try it out before buying it. Testing a brand new version of the used version you are planning to buy can also help you find out if the clubs are authentic. There are a lot of fake clubs circulating about for quite some time. Check out the same clubs in the golfing store before buying the used set and compare the feel. If it feels lighter or heavier than the new one at the store, it might not be real and could harm your performance later on.

 

5.Think About Trading

 

By trading your old golf clubs, you might just be able to score yourself new but cheap golf clubs. Some big golfing stores offer a trade in for a new set of clubs for your old set and a few extra cash. Even if there is cash involved, spending on this will still be considerably cheaper than buying new ones.

 

6.Go For The Lesser-Known Brands

 

Some lesser known brands sell cheap golf clubs that are just as good as their more expensive and well known counterparts. Test out each brand at the store before buying. You might be surprised to find out that the cheaper brand feels just as great in your hands as the more expensive brand.

 

7.Do Your Research

 

When buying used golf clubs, there are thousands of sources on the internet that indicate how much they are selling for. Canvass for the best prices online before buying in real life so that you won’t end up spending more than what it’s really worth. Ask for discounts when you find a worn grip or some small scratches. You’ll never know if the seller will give you a discount if you don’t ask.

 

8.If You Decide to Buy Online, Check the Seller’s Profile

 

Sellers usually have a few customers that can vouch for them. Look for transaction reviews from the seller’s previous customers. If he is rated a top seller, chances are he’s the real deal and wouldn’t sell you anything less than the best.

 

9.Consider Buying 1 club at a time

 

Sometimes, buying an entire set can be very expensive, even if it is a second hand set. If you are only starting out with golf and are just looking for less than 5 clubs to get you started, then find just that particular club and not buy the entire set. You might realize later on that golf really is not your sport so it’s best to be sure before you invest on these expensive equipment.

4 Ways to Reuse a Storage Container

Storage containers are prefabricated metal vessels that are widely used to efficiently and safely transport goods overseas or on land. They are durable and are made to withstand extreme weather conditions, moisture, and salt. A newly-built Storage container should pass meticulous leak inspection before delivery.
 

The shipping containers seen at seaports are mostly used, albeit only slightly. There might be a few brand new containers—those that contain goods to be shipped somewhere. Some companies don’t want retrieve their empty containers because of the high cost and risks of retrieving them. Consequently, a lot of shipping containers are being left abandoned in sea ports every year and over time people have found ways to reuse the piling number of containers at seaports.
 

Here are some ways to reuse a shipping container:

 

Tiny Houses

 

Because a storage container is usually rectangular in shape, people thought about using it as a shelter. The width and height of a standard shipping box is big enough to fit humans and a few pieces of furniture in it. Over time, modern architects have found a way to make this four-cornered corrugated steel container a work of art and a place where people can settle for good.
 

Tiny houses that are made out of storage containers became a huge fad in the US and in other countries because of their simplicity and low cost. The cost of building a shipping container home is significantly lower than building a conventional home. The time it takes to build a tiny shipping container house is much lesser than building a conventional home. This is why more and more people are inspired to build a tiny house of their own. With the increasing cost of housing, people just can’t help but look for a better alternative.

 

Home Extension

 

Some people just have more things than other people that they would need to have a home extension. A standard storage container can make for a great home extension or an area to throw in things that can’t fit into people’s homes.
 

Portable Storage containerIt can also become a living area with its own latrine and wash area. It can be placed in the garden or somewhere far from the view of the people and the city. It can also become an extension kitchen or an outdoor place where you and your family can relax and have a good time.

 

Mobile Establishments

 

Restaurateurs and other business owners are getting more and more creative about their places. A mobile storage container restaurant is such a brilliant idea as it is not only an eye-pleaser, but also an attention catcher. The next time you see a mobile restaurant made out of shipping containers, make sure to try out their menu.
 

A lot of establishments are now getting mobile because business owners think that they can sell more items if they are the one who will approach the people. And they are not wrong about it. A well-presented store is inviting enough, but a well-presented store on wheels is going to be an absolute hit!
 

Onsite Office

 

Onsite offices are probably among the most popular uses of shipping containers. Since it’s cheap and it takes no time to make offices out of shipping boxes, a lot of site engineers and architects choose to build one on the construction site to avoid the hassle of going back and forth the main office. You probably always see offices made out of shipping boxes on any construction site you see. That’s because the supply in shipping containers is never limited and would probably still build up because of what most companies do about their empty containers.
 

Portable storage container, in essence, offer extra space to those people who are greatly in need of space for storing goods.

What Funeral Homes Provide 1

Funeral Homes, sometimes called funeral parlors, are businesses that provide a very personal service, because the death of a loved one is a very sensitive time in a family’s life. The service is not only provided for the dead, but also for those who are left behind. The loss of a loved one is a difficult time in a person or family’s life, and having a good funeral home eases some of the pain and difficulty for those who are left behind.

 

Services that funeral homes provide are wakes and funerals, and the provision of a chapel for the wake and the funeral. Mortuaries also arrange services according to the wishes of either the departed person, if he or she made specific arrangements prior to his or her demise, or in accordance to the preferences of the surviving family members or even friends. Sometimes, an executor named in a legal will could also arrange the services. Additionally, funeral homesalso take care of the paperwork, make cemetery arrangements, and send obituaries to news media. Other things to consider while planning the funeral are the venue, who will attend, if the burial or memorial site has been reserved or paid for, the eulogy and who will deliver it, who will perform the service, and who will be pallbearers, readers and ushers.

 

A typical funeral service usually has a visitation or viewing, a service in a chapel or place of worship, and a graveside service. For those who would opt for cremation, the funeral home usually receives the corpse and prepares it for the crematorium. It also takes care of filing the necessary paperwork. When a corpse will be buried in a different locality that requires air transport, funeral homes may also prepare it for shipment. They usually place it in a special coffin strapped into an air tray to get it ready for air transport.
 
When a corpse is brought to a funeral home, it is also embalmed. Embalming is the process of delaying decomposition. It involves the removal of blood and internal organs, as well as the addition of preservative chemicals. Family members are required to bring clothes, and they are also consulted with how cosmetics will be used. If the face and other features are disfigured due to an illness, accident, or even decomposition, the embalmer is trained to do restorative methods to make it look presentable. Of course, some families also wish to have a closed-casket service.
 
Funeral HomesA large area is usually set aside by mortuaries wherein family members, friends, and loved ones can gather for a visitation. The large area usually contains a display of the body in a casket and has space for flowers. This is where visitors may pay their final respects. Funeral and memorial services may also take place there. Majority of funeralservice providers offer pre-arranged packages to people who opt to plan their own funerals.
 
Since funeral homes are a necessity, revenue is huge. In the United States alone, total revenue reached up to almost 14 billion US dollars. Funeral arrangements should fit one’s financial situation. No funeral is too small or too large, as long as it is a good tribute to the deceased. Many mortuaries offer services that will fit anyone’s budget.
 
When the assigned family member who will take care of the funeral arrangement is ready to meet the funeral home representative, it is always a good idea to have someone accompany him or her to the meeting. The loss of someone you love is a distressing time, and some crucial details may be missed. Qualified funeral home representatives will not only provide the necessary service, but would also know how to guide the family in this time of loss.

Hunting for Good Misters

Finding good misters is a lot easier said than done. There are so many different mist fans out there to choose from. Consumers are spoiled for choice as the market is full of different companies that offer competing products. There are so many to choose from that finding the right mist fan can cause most people a problem.

 

Good MistersIt is difficult to get a good mist fan. Getting the right fan is not an issue that can be solved by simply looking at a brochure. The difficulty in finding a good mist fan is a result of all the different models to choose from. However, finding a good fan does not have to be too difficult as there are certain things people can keep in mind to help them make the right decision.

Learning about how mist fans work will not cause people a headache. Learning some of the more important points can help a person get the mist fan that they are searching for. Here are some of the more important factors to consider when people are looking for some of the best misters the market has to offer.

 

Digging around the internet for information on the product

 

People need to keep themselves informed in order to avoid making a potentially costly mistake. This is true for almost any activity that requires a person to spend their money. Blindly spending money without being informed is one of the sure fire ways that a person can lose most of their cash.

The internet is one of the best sources of information on the planet. People have access to the kind of information that they want. People just need to learn how to look for information on the net. They should also learn how to determine which websites they can trust.

 

There are plenty of videos and articles on the internet that review mist fans. These are very useful for the kind of people who first want to see or understand how a product really works. Furthermore, the articles online are excellent since a good portion of them are written by professionals who really know their way around misters.

However, consumers still need to exercise a bit of caution and take everything that they read with a grain of salt. Sometimes, companies try to increase their reputation by creating their own customer reviews. These tactics are frowned upon which is why people need to be careful with what they read.

 

The build material

 

The materials used in the fans construction plays a very important role on the quality of the mist fan. Mist fans are made from either metal or plastic.

Plastic mist fansPlastic mist fans are the ideal option for people who want to get a mist fan that is cheap. Plastic is a material that is extremely easy to mass produce, hence the reason why plastic mist fans are cheap. The downside to plastic mist fans is that they are not as sturdy as those made out of metal. Those who intend to use their mist fans for outdoor use ought to avoid buying a plastic mist fan.

 

Metal mist fans are more expensive than plastic variants. The upside to these fans is that they were built for outdoor use. Metal mist fans can easily take the punishment that nature might throw at it.

 

Trying to listen to the fan

 

Another important thing to think about is the sound of the fan. Fans generally tend to be noisy and mist fans are no exception to the rule. Finding a mist fan that has low noise is ideal. Quiet misters are usually indicative of good design.